Rotator cuff is basically a set of 4 tendons and associated muscles that steady the shoulder joint for smooth movement of arms. The complex functioning of a shoulder joint involves a ball and socket mechanism holding together 3 bones including Humerus (the upper arm bone), Clavicle (the collarbone) and Scapula (the shoulder blade). Held together by tendons, ligaments and muscles, the rotator cuff actually does the critical job of holding the arm bone ball in the socket of shoulder blade to enable smooth 360 degree motion of arms by us.
Need for a rotator cuff surgery may arise if the joint gets damaged by a physical injury and starts causing pain to the affected person during movement of arms involving use of shoulders. Most of these injuries usually occur in the form of tears to tendons and ligaments holding the 3 bones, and they often result in causing extreme weakness to the shoulder joint of the affected person. A surgery repairs the torn muscle tendon, and also removes the bone spur which caused the muscle to tear. And because full rotator cuff tears are not capable of healing by themselves, surgery becomes a necessity in such cases.
Depending on the nature and extent of injury, a rotator cuff surgery could involve extracting broken remains of ligaments and tendons, and other fragments from the area of the shoulder where the rotator cuff’s free movement is being hindered. It could also mean stitching the loose ends of ligaments to ensure that they don’t obstruct the free motion of the shoulder joint.
Most of these surgeries are either done through an open shoulder procedure or through a mini-open procedure according to the nature of damage detected during the scans done on the shoulder joint. In an open shoulder procedure, an incision of approximately 5 x 7.6 cm is done on the shoulder to view it directly while repairing. While in a mini-open procedure, there is a relatively smaller incision done to access the affected area after opening the deltoid muscle.
The prime objective of conducting such a surgery is to reduce the pain of the shoulder joint, and bring it back to normal functioning. People who have to go through these surgeries are hence required to use a sling at least for a day after the surgery. This is necessary for post-operative healing of the ligaments and muscles, and the surgeon might also prescribe a brace in certain cases where the injury might have been more damaging.
As a matter of fact, the person undergoing surgery for a rotator cuff tear may not experience any significant relief just after or even after a couple of months after the surgery. The process of healing in such cases is often very slow, and in most cases has to be combined with physical therapy sessions for a longer period of time. While a surgery could be essential in most of such cases, a complete restoration of the shoulder movement however would only be achieved after taking regular Physical therapy sessions for some time.
A common sports injury, rotator cuff problems can most times be corrected through arthroscopic surgery done by expert surgeons.
Shoulder arthroscopy is a surgical process in which a small camera is used to examine or repair the tissues in or around a shoulder joint. An Arthroscope is a surgical device, which is inserted into the skin to examine and treat the shoulder problem. Read the following article and know more about your shoulder joints, injury and the surgical procedures required to treat the same.
Shoulder is considered as one of the most flexible joints of our body. It has been designed in such a manner that you can move your arm in any direction. But this flexibility sometimes leads to injury. If you are suffering from a shoulder problem then arthroscopy can be of great help to you. This is an advanced technology that allows a doctor to examine and treat the problem of the shoulder effectively.
Bones are the basis of the shoulder joint. The bones fit together in such a manner that they allow your arm to move freely. These bones are connected by soft tissues such as muscles, ligaments, and tendons and thus provide stability and move the joint. But when during injury, muscles, and ligaments are also injured.
When you visit a doctor and complain about your shoulder pain, he or she will ask you the symptoms and the history of your shoulder problem. The doctor will examine you and may go for diagnostic tests such as X-ray or an MRI. These tests help your doctor to find out the real cause of the problem.
Shoulder arthroscopy allows your doctor to examine and work inside your shoulder joint through a small incision. A small instrument, called arthroscope is inserted inside and the instrument that sends live video images of the injured shoulder. Once the images are examined, treatment is done accordingly. Since this surgical procedure involves tiny incision, it is less painful and recovery is quick as well.
When your doctor fixes a surgery date, you are asked to prepare yourself when you arrive at the hospital. Just before surgery, a doctor will talk to you and inform you about the anesthesia that will be used to keep your free from pain. After the surgery is done, it takes a few hours to recover from the same. However, when you are ready to go home, you will be instructed by the doctor about how to relieve pain and how to take care of your shoulder till you fully recover. In addition, you will also be given certain medicines which you will have to take as prescribed by your doctor.
Shoulder is the most vital and mobile part of the body. In fact we can go to the extent of stating that it is the earning member of the human anatomy. Well. Think of it right from a plumber to a Doctor everybody depends upon shoulder to perform to their best. History stands testimony to the fact that; warriors with broad and strong shoulders ruled the roost.
With shoulder being so very important, an injury to shoulder can have telling effect upon the entire anatomy. There are various types of shoulder injuries like shoulder dislocation, shoulder separation, SLAP (superior labrum anterior to posterior) lesion, bone fracture, adhesive capsulitis, frozen shoulder, labral tear, arthritis etc.
One of the main causes for the injury to the shoulder is Sports. Shoulder plays the all important role in many sports. Any violent incident can lead to fractures of the clavicle, sternoclavicular and acromioclavicular traumas, isolated fractures of the greater tuberosity and shoulder dislocations are also common occurrences. These injuries are mainly caused by repetitive and harmful movements during the course of sports. The modern Sports medicine is haunted by the problem of shoulder injuries among sportsmen. Quite a few of the celebrities in the arena of sports are plagued by this injury.
The wide range of treatment includes anti inflammatory medication, physical therapy, cortisone injections, surgical corrections etc. Anyway, orthopaedician is the best person to decide about the mode of treatment. It must be followed by due rehabilitation period to make the treatment comprehensive.
These types of injuries can cause grave economic loss to the patient and his family. With the treatment cost for orthopaedic injuries, skyrocketing it could turn out to be catastrophic for a common man. In such a backdrop health Insurance comes to the rescue of the needy. No wonder, Labour Law also insists upon providing suitable compensation to workers for the shoulder injuries suffered during workplace.
These injuries can also leave deep psychological scars. The consistent anxiety before and after the treatment, surging anger and helplessness and the plight of seeking other’s assistance for even trivial activities can leave a patient depressed. The remedy lies in counseling by Doctor, relatives and friends. Most importantly, a high degree of self-motivation is required to get back to mainstream of life.
Considering the multi-dimensional complications involved in shoulder injuries it would not be jarring to re-phrase the oft-repeated phrase of Achilles heel into Achilles shoulder.
People who actively participate in athletic events or sports, are at higher risk of incurring injuries to their muscles and joints. A torn rotator cuff is a common injury among people who use their upper body in these types of activities. This term actually refers to one of the muscles used to help rotate or tun the shoulder in its socket. In some instances this condition can also affect the surrounding tendons that connect the muscles to the bones. Baseball players can be at risk for this condition due to the repeated wear brought on by throwing the ball.
People who do not participate in athletic events can also end up with this condition if they strain their shoulder muscles. This can happen when someone tries to lift a heavy object over their head. It can also occur in older adults due to the wearing down of muscle tissue with age. The rotator cuff can also be affected by people suffering from bursitis in their shoulders. To reduce the risk of having this cuff tear, people should exercise their arms and shoulders regularly. If someone needs to lift a heavy object, they should enlist the help of a friend to lift it with them.
The symptoms of a torn rotator cuff include inflammation and reduced mobility. Swelling is a form of inflammation, which is caused by fluid entering the surrounding tissues. This can cause pain and will often make it difficult to move the arm. Treatment for this condition will focus on reducing the immediate inflammation to avoid having complications. In some instances this will be enough to allow the tear to heal itself without any further treatment needed. This will entail getting plenty of rest and taking medications to reduce the inflamed area and swelling.
If the tear is more severe, surgery might be needed to repair the damage. Surgery can often be performed on an out patient basis using one of the small arthroscopic tools. If the person has a past history of injuries to the shoulder, the surgery might require the removal and replacement of the cuff. This is a more involved procedure that often uses artificial structures to replace the damaged cartilage and joint. People at high risk for this condition should perform the exercises prescribed by their doctor and rest their arm at the first sign of pain. Massage therapy can also help reduce the stress placed on the shoulders.
The human shoulder is a ball and socket joint. It controls the movement of the arm in many directions. The rotator cuff, which is made up of four muscles, stabilizes and moves the shoulder joint. A great deal of pain and significant disability can result from an injury to any of these muscles or ligaments that attach these muscles to the bone. Sometimes, injuries to this region occur because of a trauma, overuse, or because of aging.
If a rotator cuff is damaged, it can be because of a tear, a mild strain, an inflamed muscle, or an inflamed tendon. Tears can either be partial or complete. Rotator cuff tear symptoms are most likely to include pain, shoulder tenderness, weakness in the shoulder, or lessening in the range of motion of the shoulder.
Patients who experience a rotator cuff injury usually have difficulty raising the affected arm above their heads, experience weakness in their shoulder, and may have difficulty reaching, carrying things, or dressing themselves.
Most people who suffer a rotator cuff injury can find relief without having to endure surgery. The most common types of treatment for rotator cuff tear symptoms include physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medication, or cortisone injections. By reducing inflammation and strengthening the other muscles that surround the shoulder, the injured muscles can be allowed to heal.
If a rotator cuff injury is left untreated, several complications can occur. These include arthritis or calcium deposits in the joints. Either of these can severely limit the range of motion in the shoulder. Chronic inflammation can lead to the accumulation of fluid in the joint, which will also limit the range of motion.
In some cases, therapy and medication may fail and surgery may be needed to repair the tear. A full tear is usually caused by falling down while your arm is outstretched to break the fall, or by lifting a heavy object quickly. Other reasons that a rotator cuff can tear include if bone spurs develop on the bones in the shoulder. These bone spurs may rub against the tendons and muscles making up the rotator cuff, causing a tear. Poor blood supply, which happens naturally as we age, may cause a serious tear over time because it reduces the body’s ability to repair small tears and injuries. Years of participating in certain sports, such as tennis, baseball, weightlifting, or rowing can also result in rotator cuff injuries.
The man or woman who experiences extreme or unrelenting shoulder pain soon finds that he or she can not carry out even the simplest of tasks. Some sort of damaging change in one of his or her ball and socket joints has greatly reduced a shoulder’s normal range of motion. It is that very characteristic, that large range of motion, which causes the same joint to demonstrate a pronounced susceptibility to injury.
There are many reasons why a person might suffer with a painful feeling in one or both shoulders. Sometimes, that sensation appears in the company of neck pain. That could certainly be the case, if overexertion has managed to strain both the neck and shoulder muscles.
At other times joint instability can lead to development of painful sensations. Such instability results from performance of prolonged movements. That fact underlines the reason that athletes must proceed with caution, while doing warm up stretches. No stretched muscle should be forced to remain in a fixed position for more than a few seconds.
An inflamed part of the body produces a good deal of pain. If a shoulder’s fibers become inflamed, then that ball and joint will not function as it should. The affected man or woman could develop one of several different disorders. He or she might be diagnosed with tendinitis.
He or she might have to deal with a rotator cuff disorder. Both irritation and impingement can cause inflammation of a shoulder’s fibers and muscle tissue. In the latter case, a tendon has been squeezed by a bone.
For pains that result from one of the causes mentioned above, a doctor will usually recommend utilization of anti-inflammatory medications. Of course that will not put an immediate end to the patient’s discomfort. Only a painkiller can do that. Muscle relaxers can also play a useful role in any treatment scheme that is meant to address some type of shoulder pain.
On occasion, a patient will be given corticosteroid injections. That is the standard treatment for bursitis. Bursitis develops when the bursa becomes inflamed. The bursa is a fluid filled sac that cushions the fibers in each of the shoulders.
A repetitious action by either of the shoulders can lead to appearance of the symptoms associated with bursitis. That might involve the movement made by an athlete, however, it could also relate to actions performed at home. For example, one woman once suffered recurring pains in her joint, after moving her arm vigorously, while cleaning windows.